Deep water culture (DWC) is a type of hydroponic system that involves suspending plant roots in a nutrient-rich water solution. In a DWC setup, plants are placed in net pots that are suspended above a reservoir containing the nutrient solution. An air stone or diffuser is used to provide oxygen to the roots, while a water pump circulates the nutrient solution. DWC systems are popular for their simplicity, affordability, and ability to promote rapid plant growth. However, they require frequent monitoring and maintenance to prevent nutrient imbalances and ensure optimal plant health.